Unter den Linden is a boulevard in Berlin, Germany. It is located in the central Mitte district, running east from the Brandenburg Gate to the square at the end of Friedrichstraße. Unter den Linden is lined with linden trees (a type of lime tree) and extends for about 1.5 kilometers.
The history of Unter den Linden
The boulevard was laid out in the 17th century and was originally named Friedrichstraße. It became popular as a promenade for strolling and horseback riding, and by the early 19th century it was a fashionable street for the upper class. The linden trees were planted in the 18th century.
After World War II, Unter den Linden was in East Berlin and was part of the government district. After German reunification, it became once again a fashionable street with many luxury shops and hotels.
What to see at Unter den Linden
Besides the many shops and hotels Unter den Linden is home to several important institutions, famous buildings, and popular tourist attractions:
The Humboldt University
Humboldt University in Berlin has a long and illustrious history, dating back to 1810 when it was founded by Wilhelm von Humboldt. Since then, it has been home to some of Germany’s greatest thinkers, including Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, and Albert Einstein.
Today, Humboldt University is one of the leading universities in Europe, with a strong focus on research and teaching. It is also a popular destination for international students, who come to Berlin to study subjects like history, politics, and economics.
The Berlin State Opera
The Berlin State Opera is one of the leading opera companies in the world. Founded in 1743, it has been home to some of the greatest opera singers and composers of all time.
With its beautiful architecture and stunning acoustics, the Berlin State Opera is an unforgettable experience.
The Brandenburg Gate
The Brandenburg Gate is an iconic structure. Originally built in the 18th century, the gate was designed to represent the unity of the city. However, during the 19th century, the gate became a symbol of division, as it stood at the border between East and West Berlin.
After the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, the Brandenburg Gate once again came to represent unity, and it has since become a popular tourist destination. Visitors can admire the intricately carved columns and statues, or take a walk through the nearby park.
Pariser Platz is one of the most famous squares in Berlin. It is located in the Mitte district, flanked by the Brandenburg Gate to the east and the Reichstag building to the west.
The square was originally designed by Karl Friedrich Schinkel in 1818, but it was largely destroyed during World War II. After the war, it remained an empty space for nearly 50 years before being rebuilt in 2000. Today, Pariser Platz is once again a thriving hub of activity, with shops, cafes, and cultural institutions lining the square.
The Bebelplatz is a memorial to the books that were burned by the nazis during world war two. It is a large, square plaza with a glass window in the center that looks down into an empty underground room. The room is lined with bookshelves, and on the shelves are the titles of the books that were burned. The memorial is meant to remind people of the power of words, and the danger of censorship.
When to visit this magnificent boulevard
The best time to visit Unter den Linden is during the spring or summer months when the trees are in full bloom and the weather is pleasant for walking. The boulevard is also illuminated with festive lights during the Christmas season.
Whether you come for the history, the architecture, or simply to enjoy a leisurely stroll, Unter den Linden is sure to delight.